Hydration changes in the association of Hoechst 33258 with DNA
Kiser, J. R.; Monk, R. W.; Smalls, R. L.; Petty, J. T. Hydration changes in the association of Hoechst 33258 with DNA. Biochemistry 2005, 44, 16988-97.
The role of water in the interaction of Hoechst 33258 with the minor groove binding site of the (AATT)2 sequence was investigated using calorimetric and equilibrium constant measurements. Using isothermal titration calorimetry measurements, the heat capacity change for the reaction is -256 +/- 10 cal/(K mol of Hoechst). Comparison with the heat capacity changes based on area models supports the expulsion of water from the interface of the Hoechst-DNA complex. To further consider the role of water, the osmotic stress method was used to determine if the Hoechst association with DNA was coupled with hydration changes. Using four osmolytes with varying molecular weights and chemical properties, the Hoechst affinity for DNA decreases with increasing osmolyte concentration. From the dependence of the equilibrium constant on the solution osmolality, 60 +/- 13 waters are acquired in the complex relative to the reactants. It is proposed that the osmotic stress technique is measuring weakly bound waters that are not measured via the heat capacity changes.