Title

Interaction of Cr(diimine)3 3+ Complexes with DNA

ACS Citation

Watson, R. T.; Desai, N.; Wildsmith, J.; Wheeler, J. F.; Kane-Maguire, N. Interaction of Cr(diimine)3 3+ Complexes with DNA. Inorg. Chem. 1999, 38, 2683-2687.

Abstract

Luminescence spectroscopy coupled with capillary electrophoresis (CE) provides insight into the nature and stereoselectivity of Cr(diimine)33+ interactions with polynucleotides. Photoluminescence measurements on Cr(phen)33+ and Cr(bpy)33+ in air or N2-saturated solution demonstrate strong B-DNA quenching of Cr(diimine)33+ emission intensities and lifetimes. Both dynamic and static quenching are observed, the latter being attributed to DNA bound Cr(diimine)33+. Very rapid quenching is also observed with deoxyguanosine monophosphate (dGMP), while no bimolecular quenching is observed with other mononucleotides. Likewise, poly(dG-dC)·poly(dG-dC) causes rapid quenching, while only minor quenching is observed for poly(dA-dT)·poly(dA-dT). These emission results are consistent with a DNA quenching mechanism involving guanine base oxidation. The electropherogram resulting from the co-injection of rac-Cr(phen)33+ and rac-Ru(phen)32+ into a capillary containing B-DNA indicates a similar binding constant for the two complexes, while the enantiomeric stereoselectivities are reversed. CE studies for Ru(phen)32+ with distamycin A (an AT selective minor groove binder) reveal a significant reduction in complex migration times and a complete loss of enantiomeric discrimination. These results are consistent with a literature model where nonelectrostatic binding for both isomers occurs in the minor groove. Analogous distamycin studies with Cr(phen)33+ are also in accord with minor groove binding. Luminescence spectroscopy coupled with capillary electrophoresis (CE) provides insight into the nature and stereoselectivity of Cr(diimine)33+ interactions with polynucleotides. Photoluminescence measurements on Cr(phen)33+ and Cr(bpy)33+ in air or N2-saturated solution demonstrate strong B-DNA quenching of Cr(diimine)33+ emission intensities and lifetimes. Both dynamic and static quenching are observed, the latter being attributed to DNA bound Cr(diimine)33+. Very rapid quenching is also observed with deoxyguanosine monophosphate (dGMP), while no bimolecular quenching is observed with other mononucleotides. Likewise, poly(dG-dC)·poly(dG-dC) causes rapid quenching, while only minor quenching is observed for poly(dA-dT)·poly(dA-dT). These emission results are consistent with a DNA quenching mechanism involving guanine base oxidation. The electropherogram resulting from the co-injection of rac-Cr(phen)33+ and rac-Ru(phen)32+ into a capillary containing B-DNA indicates a similar binding constant for the two complexes, while the enantiomeric stereoselectivities are reversed. CE studies for Ru(phen)32+ with distamycin A (an AT selective minor groove binder) reveal a significant reduction in complex migration times and a complete loss of enantiomeric discrimination. These results are consistent with a literature model where nonelectrostatic binding for both isomers occurs in the minor groove. Analogous distamycin studies with Cr(phen)33+ are also in accord with minor groove binding.

Source Name

Inorganic Chemistry

Publication Date

1-1-1999

Volume

38

Issue

11

Page(s)

2557-2562

Document Type

Citation

Citation Type

Article