Title

The poly(A)-dependent transcriptional pause is mediated by CPSF acting on the body of the polymerase

ACS Citation

Nag, A.; Narsinh, K.; Martinson, H. G. The poly(A)-Dependent Transcriptional Pause Is Mediated by CPSF Acting on the Body of the Polymerase. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. 2007, 14 (7), 662-669.

Abstract

Eukaryotic poly(A) signals direct mRNA 3'-end processing and also pausing and termination of transcription. We show that pausing and termination require the processing factor CPSF, which binds the AAUAAA hexamer of the mammalian poly(A) signal. Pausing does not require the RNA polymerase II C-terminal domain (CTD) or the cleavage stimulation factor, CstF, that binds the CTD. Pull-down experiments show that CPSF binds, principally through its 30-kDa subunit, to the body of the polymerase. CPSF can also bind CstF, but this seems to be mutually exclusive with polymerase binding. We suggest that CPSF, while binding the body of the polymerase, scans for hexamers in the extruding RNA. Any encounter with a hexamer triggers pausing. If the hexamer is part of a functional poly(A) signal, CstF is recruited and binds CPSF, causing it to release the polymerase body and move (with CstF) to the CTD.

Source Name

Nature Structural {\&} Molecular Biology

Publication Date

2007

Volume

14

Issue

7

Page(s)

662-669

Document Type

Citation

Citation Type

Article