Title

Differentiating Between The Abilities Of Synthetic Versus Pharmaceutical Antibiotics To Prevent Antibiotic Resistance

Author(s)

Roann A. Abdeladl

School Name

Greenville Technical Charter High School

Grade Level

9th Grade

Presentation Topic

Cell and Molecular Biology

Presentation Type

Non-Mentored

Oral Presentation Award

1st Place

Abstract

In 1928, biologist Alexander Fleming invented the first antibiotic Penicillin. Just 4 years after Penicillin was continually being mass produced, Staphylococcus Aureus was the first pathogen proven to be resistant to Penicillin. Bacteria can become resistant by genetic mutation or by exchanging genes with other bacteria in order to develop resistant “bodies” and survive; bacteria can also use plasmid exchange to become resistant, which consists of DNA that replicates itself. These bacteria then reproduce, creating an entire generation of resistant bacteria, and the antibiotic no longer works. To prevent this, consumers must stop overusing antibiotics and make sure to utilize the correct antibiotic that properly treats the illness he or she has. This project proves which type of antibiotic more effectively prevents antibiotic resistance. Both synthetic or natural antibiotics, which are found in nature and in our bodies, and pharmaceutical or manufactured antibiotics will be applied to bacteria samples, and the percent decrease will then be found. This will determine which antibiotic is more effective. The results proved that the pharmaceutical antibiotics more efficiently prevented antibiotic resistance because they had a greater percent decrease than the natural antibiotics. The overall objective is to inform society about which antibiotic is more beneficial to use and begin the battle against what is considered one of the most serious global health issues: bacterial resistance to antibiotics.

Start Date

4-11-2015 10:30 AM

End Date

4-11-2015 10:45 AM

COinS
 
Apr 11th, 10:30 AM Apr 11th, 10:45 AM

Differentiating Between The Abilities Of Synthetic Versus Pharmaceutical Antibiotics To Prevent Antibiotic Resistance

In 1928, biologist Alexander Fleming invented the first antibiotic Penicillin. Just 4 years after Penicillin was continually being mass produced, Staphylococcus Aureus was the first pathogen proven to be resistant to Penicillin. Bacteria can become resistant by genetic mutation or by exchanging genes with other bacteria in order to develop resistant “bodies” and survive; bacteria can also use plasmid exchange to become resistant, which consists of DNA that replicates itself. These bacteria then reproduce, creating an entire generation of resistant bacteria, and the antibiotic no longer works. To prevent this, consumers must stop overusing antibiotics and make sure to utilize the correct antibiotic that properly treats the illness he or she has. This project proves which type of antibiotic more effectively prevents antibiotic resistance. Both synthetic or natural antibiotics, which are found in nature and in our bodies, and pharmaceutical or manufactured antibiotics will be applied to bacteria samples, and the percent decrease will then be found. This will determine which antibiotic is more effective. The results proved that the pharmaceutical antibiotics more efficiently prevented antibiotic resistance because they had a greater percent decrease than the natural antibiotics. The overall objective is to inform society about which antibiotic is more beneficial to use and begin the battle against what is considered one of the most serious global health issues: bacterial resistance to antibiotics.