Title

Role Of Primary Cilia On Epicardial Cells Located In The Atrioventricular Junction

Author(s)

Gabriella Barry

School Name

Governor's School for Science and Math

Grade Level

12th Grade

Presentation Topic

Physiology and Health

Presentation Type

Mentored

Mentor

Mentor: Dr. Wessels; Department of Regenerative Medicine and Cell Biology, Medical University of South Carolina

Written Paper Award

3rd Place

Abstract

Primary cilia are essential for the proper development of mammalian tissue. By signaling through the hedgehog pathway, cilia act as a signaling hub in order to coordinate many processes during development. Previous research has shown cilia are involved in coordinating L-R asymmetry of the heart (Koefoed, 2013). The goal of this research is to clarify the role that epicardial cells play in the development of the heart. Epicardial cells migrate inwards through the atrioventricular junction (AV junction) as the heart develops. It was hypothesized that primary cilia play a role in the migration of epicardial cells through the AV junction. In order to determine if epicardial cells have primary cilia, immunohistochemistry was used. Fifteen µm thick sections of embryos from a WT1cre+/Rosa26f/f mouse were stained to locate epicardial cells and primary cilia. Three-dimensional reconstructions were generated using images taken of these stained sections. The results showed localization of primary cilia to epicardial cells. In further research, WT1cre+/Rosa26f/f/IFT88f/f mice will be used to determine how the AV junction develops in the absence of cilia, predicting that this would lead to abnormalities of the tissues to which the epicardial cells typically contribute.

Location

Owens 107

Start Date

4-16-2016 8:45 AM

COinS
 
Apr 16th, 8:45 AM

Role Of Primary Cilia On Epicardial Cells Located In The Atrioventricular Junction

Owens 107

Primary cilia are essential for the proper development of mammalian tissue. By signaling through the hedgehog pathway, cilia act as a signaling hub in order to coordinate many processes during development. Previous research has shown cilia are involved in coordinating L-R asymmetry of the heart (Koefoed, 2013). The goal of this research is to clarify the role that epicardial cells play in the development of the heart. Epicardial cells migrate inwards through the atrioventricular junction (AV junction) as the heart develops. It was hypothesized that primary cilia play a role in the migration of epicardial cells through the AV junction. In order to determine if epicardial cells have primary cilia, immunohistochemistry was used. Fifteen µm thick sections of embryos from a WT1cre+/Rosa26f/f mouse were stained to locate epicardial cells and primary cilia. Three-dimensional reconstructions were generated using images taken of these stained sections. The results showed localization of primary cilia to epicardial cells. In further research, WT1cre+/Rosa26f/f/IFT88f/f mice will be used to determine how the AV junction develops in the absence of cilia, predicting that this would lead to abnormalities of the tissues to which the epicardial cells typically contribute.