Sequence specific recognition of DNA by tailor-made hairpin conjugates of achiral seco-cyclopropaneindoline-2-benzofurancarboxamide and pyrrole-imidazole polyamides
Price, C. A.; Lingerfelt, B. M.; Handl, H. L.; Kiakos, K.; Hartley, J. A.; Lee, M. Sequence specific recognition of DNA by tailor-made hairpin conjugates of achiral seco-cyclopropaneindoline-2-benzofurancarboxamide and pyrrole-imidazole polyamides. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2005, 15, 3151-6.
Hairpin conjugates of achiral seco-cyclopropaneindoline-2-benzofurancarboxamide (achiral seco-CI-Bf) and three diamides (ImPy 1, PyIm 2, and PyPy 3, where Py is pyrrole, and Im is imidazole), linked by a gamma-aminobutyrate group, were synthesized. The sequence-specific covalent alkylation of the achiral CI moiety with adenine-N3 in the minor groove was ascertained by thermally induced DNA cleavage experiments. The results provide evidence that hairpin conjugates of achiral seco-CI-Bf-gamma-polyamides could be tailored to target specific DNA sequences according to a set of general rules: the achiral CI moiety selectively reacts with adenine-N3, a stacked pair of imidazole/benzofuran prefers a G/C base pair, and a pyrrole/benzofuran prefers an A/T or T/A base pair. Models for the binding of hairpin conjugates 1-3 with sequences 5'-TCA(888)G-3', 5'-CAA(857)C-3', and 5'-TTA(843)C-3' are proposed.
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters