DNA conformational effects on the interaction of netropsin with A-tract sequences
Degtyareva, N. N.; Fresia, M. J.; Petty, J. T. DNA conformational effects on the interaction of netropsin with A-tract sequences. Biochemistry 2007, 46, 15136-43.
The influence of cosolutes and DNA sequence on the interaction of netropsin with three duplexes has been studied by isothermal titration calorimetry. In buffer, netropsin forms two complexes with a net stoichiometry of 1:1 in the minor groove of the oligonucleotide (GCGCGAATTCGCGC)2. One complex has a weaker affinity and is more enthalpically favored relative to the other one, consistent with previous studies Freyer, M. W., et al. (2006) Biophys. Chem. 126, 186-196]. With the cosolutes betaine and 2-methyl-2,4-pentanediol, the enthalpy and heat capacity changes indicate that the complex with weaker affinity is disfavored relative to the complex with higher affinity. With (CGCGCAATTGCGCG)2, netropsin has one binding mode in buffer, and complex formation is not influenced by the cosolutes. The similarities of the enthalpy and heat capacity changes suggest that netropsin interacts similarly with these two oligonucleotides in the presence of cosolutes. The oligonucleotide (GCGCAAATTTGCGC)2 also forms two complexes with netropsin, and the complex with weaker affinity is again disfavored by the cosolutes. Thus, the interaction of netropsin with these A/T binding sites is influenced both by the bases adjacent to the binding site and by cosolutes. We suggest that these two factors influence the conformation of the minor-groove binding site of DNA.