Work Function Control of Germanium through Carborane-Carboxylic Acid Surface Passivation
Serino, A.C.; Anderson, M.E.; Heidenreich, L.; Dunn, B.S.; Spokoyne, A.M.; Weiss, P.S. Work Function Control of Germanium Through Carboxyl-Carborane Surface Passivation. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces.2017,9, 34592-34596.
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of carborane isomers with different dipole moments passivate germanium to modulate surface work function while maintaining chemical environment and surface energy. To identify head groups capable of monolayer formation on germanium surfaces, we studied thiol-, hydroxyl-, and carboxyl-terminated carboranes. These films were successfully formed with carboxylic acid head groups instead of the archetypal thiol, suggesting that the carborane cluster significantly affects headgroup reactivity. Film characterization included X-ray and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopies as well as contact angle goniometry. Using these carboranes, the germanium surface work function was tailored over 0.4 eV without significant changes to wetting properties.
Applied Materials & Interfaces