Title

The effect of kapok fiber and raw cotton fiber with ferromagnetic particles on oil removal from water

Author(s)

Amal Verma, SVHS

School Name

Spring Valley High School

Grade Level

10th Grade

Presentation Topic

Environmental Science

Presentation Type

Non-Mentored

Abstract

Oil spills have accompanied the development of the industrial economy, but oil spill contingency plans are costly and inefficient. Sorbents have been gaining popularity as cost efficient and abundantly available materials to be used, but they have a relatively low oil sorption capacity. This can be fixed through the use of magnetic nanoparticles. This research was aimed at combining ferromagnetic nanoparticles and various natural sorbents to maximize the sorption of oil. The sorbents used were cotton and kapok fiber. Experimentation was conducted by randomly placing sorbents into jars filled with water and oil, and weighing how much oil was absorbed by each sorbent after a day. It was hypothesized that the cotton with the ferromagnetic nanoparticles would work the best at absorbing oil. Five trials were tested for each sorbent, and the average oil absorbed by all the bags was recorded. The results indicated that ferromagnetic nanoparticles had a significant impact on the amount of oil absorbed by the sorbents: (F(3,16)=19.33, p<0.001). The results also showed that the cotton absorbed more oil than the kapok fiber. It was concluded that the cotton with ferromagnetic nanoparticles worked the best out of all the sorbents to absorb oil. The Tukey test indicated that Cotton with ferromagnetic particles and Kapok with ferromagnetic particles as well as the Cotton Fiber and Kapok Fiber show significant difference.

Location

Lassiter 222

Start Date

4-14-2018 9:45 AM

Presentation Format

Oral and Written

COinS
 
Apr 14th, 9:45 AM

The effect of kapok fiber and raw cotton fiber with ferromagnetic particles on oil removal from water

Lassiter 222

Oil spills have accompanied the development of the industrial economy, but oil spill contingency plans are costly and inefficient. Sorbents have been gaining popularity as cost efficient and abundantly available materials to be used, but they have a relatively low oil sorption capacity. This can be fixed through the use of magnetic nanoparticles. This research was aimed at combining ferromagnetic nanoparticles and various natural sorbents to maximize the sorption of oil. The sorbents used were cotton and kapok fiber. Experimentation was conducted by randomly placing sorbents into jars filled with water and oil, and weighing how much oil was absorbed by each sorbent after a day. It was hypothesized that the cotton with the ferromagnetic nanoparticles would work the best at absorbing oil. Five trials were tested for each sorbent, and the average oil absorbed by all the bags was recorded. The results indicated that ferromagnetic nanoparticles had a significant impact on the amount of oil absorbed by the sorbents: (F(3,16)=19.33, p<0.001). The results also showed that the cotton absorbed more oil than the kapok fiber. It was concluded that the cotton with ferromagnetic nanoparticles worked the best out of all the sorbents to absorb oil. The Tukey test indicated that Cotton with ferromagnetic particles and Kapok with ferromagnetic particles as well as the Cotton Fiber and Kapok Fiber show significant difference.