Title

Developing a Reactor and Catalyst for Aqueous Phase Reforming Processes

School Name

Governor's School for Science and Mathematics

Grade Level

12th Grade

Presentation Topic

Chemistry

Presentation Type

Mentored

Written Paper Award

2nd Place

Abstract

Glycerol is a byproduct in the production of biofuel that can be converted into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide by way of an aqueous phase reforming (APR) process. Our focus was to bridge the gap between computational simulations and the physical world. The reactor that was built to run the APR processes needed a few optimizations, including heating the glycerol solution to reaction temperature by the time it reached the catalyst. Heating tape, adjusting the reaction temperature, and increasing the oven temperature were all tried in order to reach the desired 200°C reaction temperature. A 4.3 weight % Pt supported SiO2 catalyst was also synthesized by dissolving tetraamineplatinum (II) nitrate in water and saturating the powder SiO2 support with the solution, heating it overnight at 120°C, and performing calcination by allowing the other elements to burn off in a furnace at 600°C with nitrogen gas running over the powder. Our catalyst and reactor are going to be used to create H2 from an otherwise unused byproduct, glycerol, which in turn will help create clean energy via hydrogen fuel cells etc. This advancement can help bring the planet one step closer to depending solely on clean and renewable energy.

Location

Neville 106

Start Date

4-14-2018 11:30 AM

Presentation Format

Oral and Written

COinS
 
Apr 14th, 11:30 AM

Developing a Reactor and Catalyst for Aqueous Phase Reforming Processes

Neville 106

Glycerol is a byproduct in the production of biofuel that can be converted into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide by way of an aqueous phase reforming (APR) process. Our focus was to bridge the gap between computational simulations and the physical world. The reactor that was built to run the APR processes needed a few optimizations, including heating the glycerol solution to reaction temperature by the time it reached the catalyst. Heating tape, adjusting the reaction temperature, and increasing the oven temperature were all tried in order to reach the desired 200°C reaction temperature. A 4.3 weight % Pt supported SiO2 catalyst was also synthesized by dissolving tetraamineplatinum (II) nitrate in water and saturating the powder SiO2 support with the solution, heating it overnight at 120°C, and performing calcination by allowing the other elements to burn off in a furnace at 600°C with nitrogen gas running over the powder. Our catalyst and reactor are going to be used to create H2 from an otherwise unused byproduct, glycerol, which in turn will help create clean energy via hydrogen fuel cells etc. This advancement can help bring the planet one step closer to depending solely on clean and renewable energy.