Title

The Incidence of Deep Vein Thrombosis Among Varying Trauma Patient Populations In Columbia, SC

School Name

Chapin High School

Grade Level

12th Grade

Presentation Topic

Physiology and Health

Presentation Type

Non-Mentored

Written Paper Award

4th Place

Abstract

Deep vein thrombosis is a condition which proves fatal in over 100,000 cases of hospitalized patients each year, most of which occur due to inappropriate prophylaxis administration upon arrival at the hospital, especially in trauma patients. The goal of this study is to analyze the incidence of DVT among trauma patients of different genders, ages, ethnicities, body mass indexes (BMI), and injury severity scores (ISS), and the incidence of these occurrences due to insufficient prophylaxis administration through a retrospective review in order to more appropriately administer initial prophylaxis based on an individual’s specific risk rates. The delineated records of trauma patients who developed DVT going back at least two years will be obtained through Palmetto Health Richland’s Extended Learner Program, and the records will only contain information prevalent to this study, not any patient-identifying information. The records are sorted using the hospital’s record registry system based on the five stratifications of patient populations, and a chi-square and Pearson’s correlation analysis is conducted to show significant associations and correlations between each variable and DVT. From there, records are analyzed to show how many patients received appropriate prophylaxis, and final conclusions are drawn. The outcome of this study is that patient populations of males, African Americans, those with a BMI of thirty or greater will have a significantly heightened risk of DVT than other patient populations, and these results have the potential to streamline initial DVT prophylaxis administration for incoming trauma patients based on physical patient features.

Location

Founders Hall 142 B

Start Date

3-30-2019 9:30 AM

Presentation Format

Oral and Written

Group Project

No

COinS
 
Mar 30th, 9:30 AM

The Incidence of Deep Vein Thrombosis Among Varying Trauma Patient Populations In Columbia, SC

Founders Hall 142 B

Deep vein thrombosis is a condition which proves fatal in over 100,000 cases of hospitalized patients each year, most of which occur due to inappropriate prophylaxis administration upon arrival at the hospital, especially in trauma patients. The goal of this study is to analyze the incidence of DVT among trauma patients of different genders, ages, ethnicities, body mass indexes (BMI), and injury severity scores (ISS), and the incidence of these occurrences due to insufficient prophylaxis administration through a retrospective review in order to more appropriately administer initial prophylaxis based on an individual’s specific risk rates. The delineated records of trauma patients who developed DVT going back at least two years will be obtained through Palmetto Health Richland’s Extended Learner Program, and the records will only contain information prevalent to this study, not any patient-identifying information. The records are sorted using the hospital’s record registry system based on the five stratifications of patient populations, and a chi-square and Pearson’s correlation analysis is conducted to show significant associations and correlations between each variable and DVT. From there, records are analyzed to show how many patients received appropriate prophylaxis, and final conclusions are drawn. The outcome of this study is that patient populations of males, African Americans, those with a BMI of thirty or greater will have a significantly heightened risk of DVT than other patient populations, and these results have the potential to streamline initial DVT prophylaxis administration for incoming trauma patients based on physical patient features.