Title

The Effect of the Difference In the Perception of Temperature Between Sexes on the Academic Performance of Chapin High School Students

Author(s)

Tiffany Phan

School Name

Chapin High School

Grade Level

11th Grade

Presentation Topic

Psychology

Presentation Type

Non-Mentored

Abstract

Mental performance and mental functions may be negatively affected by decreases in thermal comfort as a result of large differences in temperature. Additionally, females are seen to be less satisfied with room temperatures and prefer higher room temperatures in comparison to males. This invesitgation explored the potential effect that sex plays in thermal perception and the impact it may yield on academic performance within a high school population. It was hypothesized that female students would experience an increase in academic performance as the temperature increased while males would experience the opposite effect. A quasi-experimental approach was used to address the potential correlation. An SAT preperation class at Chapin High School was asked to complete a Google form that recorded their sex and contained 24 SAT style questions. This process was repeated on three different days within the same classroom setting where the temperature was manipulated to 67, 72, and 78 degrees Fahrenheit on each day. Analysis of means (ANOVA) and Tukey's method tests were performed to analyze the relationship between thermal perception and academic performance. The ANOVA test resulted in a p-value of 0.049 between the means of tempertaure and sex, which indicated that there was a correlation between differences in thermal perception and acadmeic acheivemnt. Additionally, through Tukey's method, the results calculated three significant T-values that served as evidence against the null hypothesis. Based on these findings, it is concluded that males academic performance increased as temperature increased, while females academic performance increased as temperature decreased.

Location

Furman Hall 207

Start Date

3-28-2020 9:15 AM

Presentation Format

Oral and Written

Group Project

No

COinS
 
Mar 28th, 9:15 AM

The Effect of the Difference In the Perception of Temperature Between Sexes on the Academic Performance of Chapin High School Students

Furman Hall 207

Mental performance and mental functions may be negatively affected by decreases in thermal comfort as a result of large differences in temperature. Additionally, females are seen to be less satisfied with room temperatures and prefer higher room temperatures in comparison to males. This invesitgation explored the potential effect that sex plays in thermal perception and the impact it may yield on academic performance within a high school population. It was hypothesized that female students would experience an increase in academic performance as the temperature increased while males would experience the opposite effect. A quasi-experimental approach was used to address the potential correlation. An SAT preperation class at Chapin High School was asked to complete a Google form that recorded their sex and contained 24 SAT style questions. This process was repeated on three different days within the same classroom setting where the temperature was manipulated to 67, 72, and 78 degrees Fahrenheit on each day. Analysis of means (ANOVA) and Tukey's method tests were performed to analyze the relationship between thermal perception and academic performance. The ANOVA test resulted in a p-value of 0.049 between the means of tempertaure and sex, which indicated that there was a correlation between differences in thermal perception and acadmeic acheivemnt. Additionally, through Tukey's method, the results calculated three significant T-values that served as evidence against the null hypothesis. Based on these findings, it is concluded that males academic performance increased as temperature increased, while females academic performance increased as temperature decreased.