Title

The Effects of Waiting Room Music on Stress Levels of Patients In the Emergency Department

Author(s)

Emily Luoma

School Name

Chapin High School

Grade Level

11th Grade

Presentation Topic

Psychology

Presentation Type

Non-Mentored

Abstract

Nationally, the average wait time in an emergency room is over 200 minutes. As emergency departments only get more overcrowded, more people are making the decision to leave against medical advice before being seen by any medical professional. Because finding a permanent solution to this problem can be difficult due to understaffing and low funding, inexpensive and simple alternatives can be implemented to make patients feel less stressed and more tolerable of long waits. Using the Spielberger State Trait Anxiety Inventory survey as well as a behavioral observation, the stress levels of ED patients in both a room with classical music playing and a room without any music were measured to see if there is a significance between listening to music and experiencing lower stress levels. Based on the survey results, those waiting in the ED waiting room while music was playing experienced lower self-evaluated stress levels when compared to those waiting with no music. In addition, observation results indicated that when music is playing, those waiting while music was playing exhibited less stressful behavior tendencies than those waiting without music, signifying that patients were more at ease when in the ED waiting room with music playing.

Location

Furman Hall 208

Start Date

3-28-2020 9:29 AM

Presentation Format

Oral and Written

Group Project

No

COinS
 
Mar 28th, 9:29 AM

The Effects of Waiting Room Music on Stress Levels of Patients In the Emergency Department

Furman Hall 208

Nationally, the average wait time in an emergency room is over 200 minutes. As emergency departments only get more overcrowded, more people are making the decision to leave against medical advice before being seen by any medical professional. Because finding a permanent solution to this problem can be difficult due to understaffing and low funding, inexpensive and simple alternatives can be implemented to make patients feel less stressed and more tolerable of long waits. Using the Spielberger State Trait Anxiety Inventory survey as well as a behavioral observation, the stress levels of ED patients in both a room with classical music playing and a room without any music were measured to see if there is a significance between listening to music and experiencing lower stress levels. Based on the survey results, those waiting in the ED waiting room while music was playing experienced lower self-evaluated stress levels when compared to those waiting with no music. In addition, observation results indicated that when music is playing, those waiting while music was playing exhibited less stressful behavior tendencies than those waiting without music, signifying that patients were more at ease when in the ED waiting room with music playing.