Title

A Functionality Investigation Comparing the Effectiveness of Two Adrenaline Injection Devices and Their Abilities to Absorb Impact Force and Protect an Internal Syringe

Author(s)

Asa Arnold

School Name

Spring Valley High School

Grade Level

11th Grade

Presentation Topic

Engineering

Presentation Type

Non-Mentored

Abstract

Anaphylaxis is a severe adverse reaction that, in some cases, can lead to death. Individuals at risk of anaphylaxis are recommended to always carry an adrenaline injection device that stabilizes their body during a severe reaction. The market for these devices consist of a few extremely high priced injectors with only one dose of safely administered medicine. While some individuals may only need one dose, individuals who hike, camp, fish, or hunt may need more than one dose because of how far away a medical facility is. The purpose of this investigation was to test the effectiveness of two injectors and their effectiveness at protecting their internal syringe. It was hypothesized that if the double injector epinephrine pen is designed correctly then it should be able to better protect the medical doses from impact forces than its epipen counterpart. Both injectors were subjected to drop tests onto a plate that was connected to a dual range force sensor. A two sample t-test was used to inferentially analyze the data, and a p-value less than 0.05 was found which indicates a significant difference between the epipen. With a significant difference established it can be determined that the designed epipen applied less force to the syringe than its epipen counterpart. Even though less force was applied to the syringe this does not definitively prove that it protects the syringe better than Epipen.

Location

John's Hall 105

Start Date

3-28-2020 8:45 AM

Presentation Format

Oral and Written

Group Project

No

COinS
 
Mar 28th, 8:45 AM

A Functionality Investigation Comparing the Effectiveness of Two Adrenaline Injection Devices and Their Abilities to Absorb Impact Force and Protect an Internal Syringe

John's Hall 105

Anaphylaxis is a severe adverse reaction that, in some cases, can lead to death. Individuals at risk of anaphylaxis are recommended to always carry an adrenaline injection device that stabilizes their body during a severe reaction. The market for these devices consist of a few extremely high priced injectors with only one dose of safely administered medicine. While some individuals may only need one dose, individuals who hike, camp, fish, or hunt may need more than one dose because of how far away a medical facility is. The purpose of this investigation was to test the effectiveness of two injectors and their effectiveness at protecting their internal syringe. It was hypothesized that if the double injector epinephrine pen is designed correctly then it should be able to better protect the medical doses from impact forces than its epipen counterpart. Both injectors were subjected to drop tests onto a plate that was connected to a dual range force sensor. A two sample t-test was used to inferentially analyze the data, and a p-value less than 0.05 was found which indicates a significant difference between the epipen. With a significant difference established it can be determined that the designed epipen applied less force to the syringe than its epipen counterpart. Even though less force was applied to the syringe this does not definitively prove that it protects the syringe better than Epipen.