Title

The Effect of Temperamental Personalities on Emotional Intelligence

School Name

Spring Valley High School

Grade Level

11th Grade

Presentation Topic

Behavioral Science

Presentation Type

Non-Mentored

Abstract

Emotional intelligence is one’s ability to understand their emotions as well as use it to understand the emotions of others. This study discusses how temperaments can affect emotional intelligence using the temperament theory. The temperament theory consists of four different types of temperaments: sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic. The purpose of this research was to determine the correlation between temperaments and emotional intelligence. It was hypothesized that the sanguine temperament would have the highest emotional intelligence because those with the sanguine temperament tend to be more outgoing and sociable, which helps them better understand others emotions. To test this, a survey was conducted in which there were two parts. The first part tested the independent variable, the different types of temperaments, and the second part tested the emotional intelligence using the Schutte Self Report Emotional Intelligence Test. The test was a self report test in which subjects had to evaluate if they agreed or disagreed to situations using a scale of 1 to 5, 1 being strongly agree and 5 being strongly disagree. After the data was collected, the results from both parts were compared. To determine if the data was statistically significant, a Chi-squared test was used. According to the test, the results are statistically insignificant (p>0.05). Nevertheless, the temperament with the highest emotional intelligence are those with the phlegmatic temperament. Although the hypothesized stated that the sanguine temperament would have the highest emotional intelligence, those with this temperament are outgoing and extroverts, they tend to get distracted and have poor concentration causing them to have a lower emotional intelligence than phlegmatic. According to the temperament theory, the phlegmatic are emotionally stable causing them to have a high emotional intelligence.

Location

B&E 237

Start Date

4-2-2022 9:15 AM

Presentation Format

Oral and Written

Group Project

No

COinS
 
Apr 2nd, 9:15 AM

The Effect of Temperamental Personalities on Emotional Intelligence

B&E 237

Emotional intelligence is one’s ability to understand their emotions as well as use it to understand the emotions of others. This study discusses how temperaments can affect emotional intelligence using the temperament theory. The temperament theory consists of four different types of temperaments: sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic. The purpose of this research was to determine the correlation between temperaments and emotional intelligence. It was hypothesized that the sanguine temperament would have the highest emotional intelligence because those with the sanguine temperament tend to be more outgoing and sociable, which helps them better understand others emotions. To test this, a survey was conducted in which there were two parts. The first part tested the independent variable, the different types of temperaments, and the second part tested the emotional intelligence using the Schutte Self Report Emotional Intelligence Test. The test was a self report test in which subjects had to evaluate if they agreed or disagreed to situations using a scale of 1 to 5, 1 being strongly agree and 5 being strongly disagree. After the data was collected, the results from both parts were compared. To determine if the data was statistically significant, a Chi-squared test was used. According to the test, the results are statistically insignificant (p>0.05). Nevertheless, the temperament with the highest emotional intelligence are those with the phlegmatic temperament. Although the hypothesized stated that the sanguine temperament would have the highest emotional intelligence, those with this temperament are outgoing and extroverts, they tend to get distracted and have poor concentration causing them to have a lower emotional intelligence than phlegmatic. According to the temperament theory, the phlegmatic are emotionally stable causing them to have a high emotional intelligence.