Title

A Self-Forming NiO-MC Dual-Phase Membrane for CO2 Capture from Simulated Flue Gas

Author(s)

Justin Cox, GSSM

School Name

Governor's School for Science and Mathematics

Grade Level

12th Grade

Presentation Topic

Engineering

Presentation Type

Mentored

Abstract

In recent years, the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) has increased greatly, leading to global warming. The biggest source of carbon dioxide is flue gas produced by power plants burning fossil fuels. One solution is to form Mixed Electron and Carbonate-ion Conducting (MECC) Membranes to capture carbon dioxide from flue gas. The MECC Membranes that we tested were formed from Nickel Oxide (NiO) and Molten Carbonate (MC), formed from a molten mixture of sodium and lithium carbonate. We formed membranes with two different proportions of NiO-MC: 6:2 and 8:4. It was discovered that the membrane with the 6:4 proportion had a 16% increase in CO2 permeability, and is thus more effective for CO2 capture.

Location

Neville 109

Start Date

4-14-2018 11:30 AM

Presentation Format

Oral and Written

COinS
 
Apr 14th, 11:30 AM

A Self-Forming NiO-MC Dual-Phase Membrane for CO2 Capture from Simulated Flue Gas

Neville 109

In recent years, the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) has increased greatly, leading to global warming. The biggest source of carbon dioxide is flue gas produced by power plants burning fossil fuels. One solution is to form Mixed Electron and Carbonate-ion Conducting (MECC) Membranes to capture carbon dioxide from flue gas. The MECC Membranes that we tested were formed from Nickel Oxide (NiO) and Molten Carbonate (MC), formed from a molten mixture of sodium and lithium carbonate. We formed membranes with two different proportions of NiO-MC: 6:2 and 8:4. It was discovered that the membrane with the 6:4 proportion had a 16% increase in CO2 permeability, and is thus more effective for CO2 capture.