Title

The Effect of Higher Temperatures and Contamination of the Food Source on the Fertility Rate of Calliphora vomitoria

Author(s)

Freedom Spiva

School Name

Spring Valley High School

Grade Level

10th Grade

Presentation Topic

Zoology

Presentation Type

Non-Mentored

Abstract

The decline in the usage of maggot therapy happened after the introduction of modern healthcare. Maggot therapy is extremely effective at cleaning wounds and saves hospital costs. Maggot therapy is not being used enough, especially in some areas of the world because there is no efficient production of medical maggots. A potential solution for this is by finding a better way to reproduce bottle flies to increase the use of maggot therapy. Many studies have shown that higher temperatures help bottle flies reproduce faster, but those studies do not show the fertility rates of each experiment. The purpose of this experiment was to find a higher fertility rate by changing the temperature, and the contamination of the food source. It was hypothesized that the fertility rate would be higher if the temperature was higher and the food source was contaminated. In the experiment there were twenty containers for the breeding process and twenty trials for each different experiment. In each container there were about ⅓ lbs of ground beef and 5 Calliphora vomitoria pupae. A t-test showed that the contaminated food source resulted in statistically significant different number of pupae hatched (p = .0342 < a = .05). This supported the original hypothesis, and it can be concluded that a contaminated food source increases the fertility rate of Calliphora vomitoria.

Location

Furman Hall 119

Start Date

3-28-2020 11:00 AM

Presentation Format

Oral and Written

Group Project

No

COinS
 
Mar 28th, 11:00 AM

The Effect of Higher Temperatures and Contamination of the Food Source on the Fertility Rate of Calliphora vomitoria

Furman Hall 119

The decline in the usage of maggot therapy happened after the introduction of modern healthcare. Maggot therapy is extremely effective at cleaning wounds and saves hospital costs. Maggot therapy is not being used enough, especially in some areas of the world because there is no efficient production of medical maggots. A potential solution for this is by finding a better way to reproduce bottle flies to increase the use of maggot therapy. Many studies have shown that higher temperatures help bottle flies reproduce faster, but those studies do not show the fertility rates of each experiment. The purpose of this experiment was to find a higher fertility rate by changing the temperature, and the contamination of the food source. It was hypothesized that the fertility rate would be higher if the temperature was higher and the food source was contaminated. In the experiment there were twenty containers for the breeding process and twenty trials for each different experiment. In each container there were about ⅓ lbs of ground beef and 5 Calliphora vomitoria pupae. A t-test showed that the contaminated food source resulted in statistically significant different number of pupae hatched (p = .0342 < a = .05). This supported the original hypothesis, and it can be concluded that a contaminated food source increases the fertility rate of Calliphora vomitoria.