Title

A Novel Arsenic Filtration System for Low-Income Populations

Author(s)

Ishraq Haque

School Name

Academic Magnet High School

Grade Level

11th Grade

Presentation Topic

Environmental Science

Presentation Type

Non-Mentored

Abstract

Globally, over 200 million people are affected by arsenic contaminated water. Moreover, groundwater from tube wells has often been found to be contaminated with arsenic, which if ingested, may result in illnesses such as diarrhea, blood vessel diseases, and types of cancer like skin cancer and bladder cancer. Arsenic filtration processes, like the SONO filter, 3-Kolshi, and ion exchange methods are promising developments that significantly reduce arsenic levels to healthy levels, but factors such as cost, maintenance, and availability prevent many low-income families to use these filtration systems. Hence, the aim of this project was to engineer a novel filtration system that significantly reduces arsenic, is easy to maintain, cheap and affordable, and may provide safer water to poverty-stricken populations. In this project, laterite soil was used as a substitute for iron to decrease costs and to take out arsenic from contaminated tube well water. Also, the novel filtration system was streamlined into a one-step process. Through data analysis, the One Step Red Soil Filtration (OSRSF) was found to be superior to a locally made filter. After filtration with the OSRSF, the arsenic concentration in water was significantly reduced, and a longitudinal study with mass spectroscopy suggested that arsenic concentrations were decreased in hair and nail samples within 10 months of OSRSF use. Thus, the OSRSF is an economic option for poor people to have safer water to drink.

Location

Furman Hall 227

Start Date

3-28-2020 11:15 AM

Presentation Format

Oral and Written

Group Project

No

COinS
 
Mar 28th, 11:15 AM

A Novel Arsenic Filtration System for Low-Income Populations

Furman Hall 227

Globally, over 200 million people are affected by arsenic contaminated water. Moreover, groundwater from tube wells has often been found to be contaminated with arsenic, which if ingested, may result in illnesses such as diarrhea, blood vessel diseases, and types of cancer like skin cancer and bladder cancer. Arsenic filtration processes, like the SONO filter, 3-Kolshi, and ion exchange methods are promising developments that significantly reduce arsenic levels to healthy levels, but factors such as cost, maintenance, and availability prevent many low-income families to use these filtration systems. Hence, the aim of this project was to engineer a novel filtration system that significantly reduces arsenic, is easy to maintain, cheap and affordable, and may provide safer water to poverty-stricken populations. In this project, laterite soil was used as a substitute for iron to decrease costs and to take out arsenic from contaminated tube well water. Also, the novel filtration system was streamlined into a one-step process. Through data analysis, the One Step Red Soil Filtration (OSRSF) was found to be superior to a locally made filter. After filtration with the OSRSF, the arsenic concentration in water was significantly reduced, and a longitudinal study with mass spectroscopy suggested that arsenic concentrations were decreased in hair and nail samples within 10 months of OSRSF use. Thus, the OSRSF is an economic option for poor people to have safer water to drink.