Article Title

The Plans of the Slave Power.


Newspaper Title

Hartford Daily Courant

Publication Date


Publication Place

Hartford, Connecticut

Event Topic

Nebraska Bill (Jan-May 1854)

Political Party



free state


The transitionfrom a compliance with this demand to the universal toleration of slavery at the North, is but a step and an easy one.

Document Type

Article (Journal or Newsletter)

Full Text Transcription

The passage of the Nebraska Bill has enabled the slave Statesto fling off the mask and show what their intentions anddeterminations are. These plans are two-fold, relating toboth the internal and external condition of the country.

So far as the acquisition of foreign territoryis concerned, their next great step is the seizure of Cuba.This acquisition will add to the number and wealth of theslave States and furnish an additional market for slave-raisingVirginia. The South cannot contain the impatience of herdesires on this topic. The Richmond Enquirer,demanding the immediate annexation of Cuba, says:

"Of the temper and determination of the Executive there isno doubt. The administration has already indicated its policyin the President's energetic message respecting the BlackWarrior affair. The South may repose implicit confidencein Mr. Pierce; he is with us.Why is Congress so backward and timid? Are grave Senatorsso trammeled by traditional notions of conservatism thatthey are incapable of grasping the full significance of thecrisis? While they doze in their seats and dream of obsoleteconventionalities, the irreparable wrong may be consummated,and Cuba be lost forever.

The people of the South are not so blind or so apathetic.They see the opportunity, and they expect their representativesto seize and turn it to account. They will tolerate nolukewarmness, much less opposition, in carrying out the schemefor the annexation of Cuba."

Next to this comes the conquest of Hayti, and the bringingback the negroes there to the condition of slaves. Themovement to this end has already commenced by the propositionof Mr. Douglas in the Senate to enquire intothe expediency of acknowledging the independence of Dominica,the Spanish end of the Island. Its annexation will be soontalked of and then the seizure of the whole Island is thenecessary consequence.

Next in order comes the conquest of Mexico with the formationof new slave States.

To accomplish the seizure of Cuba, should France or Englandoppose, an alliance with Russia may be necessary and anengagement in a long war. But if this alliance is not needed,that with Brazil has already been proposed by the Southernpapers, so as mutually to co-operate for the extent of slaveryand its universal spread over both sections of the continent.This supposes the consolidation of all the different SouthAmerican countries under the Brazilian power, and the seizureand appropriation of all the West Indies and Central Americaby us. This is a great plan, but not greater than theaspiration and ambition of the slave power.

The Home plan is equally grasping. New slave States are to bemade from Texas, Kansas and Nebraska. The people of Illinoisand Iowa are to be cajolled into the belief that slavery wouldbe better for them, and as Sovereign States they are toestablish it. The Compromise of 1820 which excluded slaveryfrom the latter has now been annulled, and the Ordinance of1787 is no more binding than that of 1820.

The first demand however will be that individuals from theslave States shall have the declared right of travellingthrough the Free States with their "property" and be able toretain it unmolested. Next will come the requisition thatthey may be allowed to remain with their slaves. The transitionfrom a compliance with this demand to the universal tolerationof slavery at the North, is but a step and an easy one.A case is now before the New York courts to test theconstitutionality of the law that forbids slaves to becarried through New York to be shipped to Mobile.

What is to be done? The North has submitted so far for thesake of peace and the Union, that the South supposes therewill always be doughfaces enough to be flattered orfrightened into a compliance with her wishes.

Edited/Proofed by

Entered by Lloyd Benson, not proofed




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The Plans of the Slave Power.

The transitionfrom a compliance with this demand to the universal toleration of slavery at the North, is but a step and an easy one.